Iancului Cross from Mărișel

Iancului Cross is a monument commemorating the sacrifice of the Mărișel locals and the troops led by Avram Iancu’s tribuns in the battles of March 12 and July 6, 1849. In 1924, brothers Gavril, Ioan and Vasile Crișan built a first monument, a wooden cross , on the 100th anniversary of the Avram Iancu’s birth (1824-1872); this cross was replaced by a stone one which, during the hortyste administration, was removed and hidden in the village. After the restoration of the Romanian administration in 1944, the locals, together with the Someș battalion reservists from Beliș, built a new crucifix on the place where those two monuments were. It has become the place where, every year, the moți people from the Mărișel area are celebrating their heroes.

The monument of the Bobâlna Uprising

The Bobâlna Uprising (1437-1438) was the most important revolt movement in the Hungary Kingdom before the peasant war led by Gheorghe Doja. On the hill near the village, which was the highest area of ​​the region, the rebels set up camp. The uprising spread throughout Transylvania, with the city of Cluj joining this movement. In the first months of 1439 the revolt was defeated, its leaders being executed in Turda. In memory of those who sacrificed themselves to defend the rights of the inhabitants of this area, a monument was built on the hill where the rebel camp was. 

The Collective Memory Point from Vad

Address: Mănăstirii Street, no. 28, Vad Commune

Schedule: Monday–Thursday: 8:00 – 15:00 pm, Friday: 8:00 – 13:00 pm, Saturday – Sunday: On demand

Phone: (004) 0766-650.312

E-mail: primă[email protected], [email protected] 

Web: https://matterport.com/discover/space/JxHKc8Yi7kd

The Collective Memory Point is a cultural center that includes an exhibition of local heritage and memory prepared together with the local community, as well as educational spaces where cultural and educational activities will take place. The exhibition concept is based on the use of scenography elements that, together with the exhibited objects and multimedia devices, create a contemplative atmosphere, at the same time providing visitors with an immersive experience in the cultural and everyday reality of the Vad commune.

Through the implementation of this concept, the aim is to immortalize some customs and occupations that have disappeared or are about to disappear, such as the gathering, sheep herding, wheat wreath, traditional mowing as well as other social and religious traditions.  

The exhibition occupies the three rooms of the building, each room illustrating a main theme and several sub-themes that outline the cultural and social reality of the Cluj commune.

The first room – S1 – has the theme «Rhythms» The name of the theme highlights the presence of rhythm in all aspects of rural life, finding rhythmicity in the scythe movements, the sounds of animal bells, the knock of the mallet, the kneading of dough, the milking of animals, the beating of iron, the wood carving, the loom (a device used to weave cloth and tapestry), folk music and even the sign of the cross. Regionalisms are accentuated in the quotations displayed on the walls of the exhibition, precisely to better introduce visitors to the atmosphere of the place.  

The central room – S2 – has as its theme «The Regime of nature» and hosts works of artistic installation type by the artist Alex Mirutziu. The works are exhibited in boxes, such as light boxes, anchored in the ceiling of the hall. Along with the objects, texts belonging to the artist and relevant images are also rendered through these light boxes.

Room S3 with the theme «Between Two Worlds» captures aspects of childhood, both present and past. The theme is supported by means of seven objects donated by a total of seven children, objects representative of the children’s current concerns. Historical information related to children and childhood consists of testimonies collected from villagers and rendered through quotes and photographs.

On the porch of the building there are olfactory sensory devices that contribute to sketching the olfactory portrait of the commune. Currently, in the olfactory devices there are: incense, thyme, lucerne, smoked sausage, fried onions.

Pharmacy Museum

In the center of Cluj-Napoca, in the southern corner of Unirii Square, in 1954, professor Bologa from the Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy founded a museum: the Pharmacy History Collection. It is under the coordination of the National History Museum of Transylvania and is located in the oldest pharmacy in Cluj, the Hintz house. The first documentary attestation of this space as a pharmacy was in 1573, the building being owned between 1863-1949 by the Hintz family of pharmacists.

In recent years, the building has undergone extensive renovation and expansion. The collection includes a number of approximately 7000 authentic objects, presenting the evolution of the pharmaceutical industry and medicine in Transylvania. The unique 18th century pharmaceutical decorations provide the background for presenting the atmosphere of a traditional pharmacy. The vast majority of the exhibits belong to the objects collection of professor Iuliu Orient (1869-1940) – old pieces of furniture from the 17th – 19th centuries, wooden vessels and prints.

The museum space faithfully reproduces the structure of a medieval Transylvanian pharmacy: the Oficina, the room where medicines were sold, the materials room for the storage of raw materials and the laboratory for the production of medicines using different technologies.

Address: Unirii Square, no. 28, Cluj-Napoca

Phone:  (004) 0741-114.389, (004) 0264-593.814

Web: www.muzeulfarmaciei.mnit.ro

E-mail: [email protected], [email protected]

Schedule:  Tuesday–Sunday: 10:00–18:00 

Sâncraiu traditional house

In the center of the Sâncraiu commune is a traditional house belonging to the Hungarian community, dating back to 1870. In its rooms, three thematic exhibitions are organized meant to present the specific treasure of the area: 

  • room 1: collection of painted plates and other ceramic objects;
  • room 2: wood carving workshop;
  • room 3: clean room, specific to the Land of Călata: painted plates, collection of folk costumes, bed with embroidered pillows, collection of crowns, etc.

Phone: (004) 0745-637.352

E-mail: [email protected]

Web: www.davincze.ro/ro/contact/

The traditional house – Owl Fortress

In 1870, in the Văleni village, Călățele commune, the Pandur family built a house with only one room, later known as the one-beam house. In the first decades of the 20th century the house was extended, by sticking to the east side another house which was demolished and stuck in the position where it is still found today. After 1981, the house was used by the young people of the village for meetings during the winter holidays, they named it «Bagoly Vár» (Owl House). Currently, the property is owned by two Scottish citizens who founded the association – TARNAT- Kalotaszeg Durabil. A part of the house is organized as a small village museum, where workshops and meetings related to the traditional techniques of restoring old houses are organized. 

Phone: (004) 0731-629.418

Facebook:  www.facebook.com/tarnatkalataszegdurabil

Transylvania Steampunk Museum

Address: Ștefan O. Iosif Street, no. 4, Cluj-Napoca 

Phone: (004) 0364-737.247

Web: www.steampunk.ro

          www.facebook.com/steampunk.transylvania

Schedule: Monday-Sunday 12-21

Steampunk Transylvania is the first museum dedicated to steampunk aesthetics in Europe, which awaits the curious to discover the secrets of some worlds that until now could only be found in the books of Jules Verne.

Futuristic yet retro at the same time, Steampunk is a truly unique genre as it combines 19th century aesthetics and technology with elements of science fiction. The literary and audiovisual works based on this concept take place in an alternate reality where technological progress is based not on electricity, but on the steam engine.

The museum spans two floors, and once you step behind the curtain, you enter a completely different world than the usual one. Part of the decor is part of the permanent collection, but periodically, the museum administrators have proposed to present other exhibits as well.

Piatra Craiului Monastery Museum

Address: Bucea Village, Negreni Commune

Phone: (004) 0722-823.300 

Web: www.manastireapiatracraiului.ro/

An ethnographic exhibition space was set up in the premises belonging to the Monastery of St. Ioan Jacob from Hozeva in Bucea village. The basic exhibition is composed of elements specific to the Romanian community from the villages surrounding the Piatra Craiului massif: traditional carpets, fabrics, elements of traditional techniques used to make the fabrics.

The Xylography Museum

Address: Principală Street, no. 52, Hășdate, Gherla

Phone: (004) 0766-241.181 

E-mail: [email protected], [email protected]

Web: www.muzeuldexilogravura.ro/xilogravuranoua.html

The Hășdate area was one of the areas where, in the medieval period, the craft of wood engraving developed. The first woodcuts known and preserved in the Hășdate area are dated 1787. The first artifact of this type is signed by the craftsman Gheorghe Pop from Hășdate, who came from a family that had come to the area in the 16th century from Moldova.

The museum is made by one of the descendants of the Pop family who brought this craft to the Hășdate area out of the desire to bring back to the community’s attention the popular artistic phenomenon that was specific to the area in the 18th century.

The Mill Museum

Address: Bologa Village, Poieni Commune

Phone: (004) 0740-161.782

E-mail: [email protected] 

Web: www.facebook.com/moaradeapabologa

In the Bologa village, a few km from Road E60, which connects Cluj-Napoca and Oradea, we find one of the monuments of traditional rural architecture in Transylvania: the Bologa Watermill. This mill is kept in the backyard of some locals and is in perfect working order, representing a true open-air museum piece.

Visitors can observe the functionality of a mill, which is still used today for washing traditional upholstery elements. In the main room of the mill, a collection of objects specific to the local Romanian community from the mountain area of ​​Cluj county was arranged.